5 Simple Steps to Decentralised Command and Decision-making
In an earlier blog post on Servant Leadership, Commander’s Intent and Decentralised Command we discussed the ways in which decentralised command and decision-making has rapidly become a business essential for all.
Yet many managers and leaders struggle with putting this into place. We know, because one of the things that we are regularly asked is: “exactly how do you actually do this?”
Manager burnout rose by 78% between Q1 and Q4 of 2020, according to the 2021 State of the Manager report from Glint and LinkedIn. As a direct result of COVID-19, management teams are coming under increased pressure to closely and directly monitor and manage their remote teams. Command and control isn’t a great management approach and it’s even less effective with distributed teams. What’s more, managers are still under the same pressure to ensure that the business is running at the same (or better) performance than it was pre-pandemic.
Which is why we wanted to outline the following five simple steps that managers and leaders need to follow to effectively put decentralised command and decision-making processes and structures in place.
Step #1 – Clarify what you want, why you want it and how it fits with the firm’s strategy
Before decentralizing decision making, Leaders need to be crystal clear around what it is that they want, why they want it and how it fits in with the firm’s overall strategy. Take a strategic view of what it is that you are trying to do, and why it matters. We have clever people working with us, for maximum effect, they will need to understand how what they are being asked to do, fits in with the bigger picture.
So, it is vitally important that you, as a leader, understand the “why?”: Why is it that we are doing this piece of work? How does it help the firm? How is it going to help the business thrive and survive in this age of disruption?
Step #2 – Describe to your teams “what good looks like”
Once you are really clear about what it is you want and why you want it, you need to describe to your teams and the people that you are delegating the work to what good looks like.
you need to explain what it is you are trying to do, why you are trying to do it and how it fits in with the company and the strategic objectives. Make sure you leave room for questions and clarification.
What’s really important in step #2 is that you don’t give your teams your tactical solution. You don’t say to them, “do X, Y and Z” and give them the plan. That’s because, if you give them the plan, it is your plan, not theirs. Remember: this isn’t command and control, this is about decentralisation. If you can’t resist the temptation of dictating and micromanagement, you won’t be able to realise the increased motivation, creativity, groupthink, speed and flexibility that decentralised command and decision making brings.
You hired smart people so they can tell you what to do, not so that you can tell them what to do. Your goal needs to be to empower them and help them bring the best of their skills and talents to the game.
And the way that you do this is by giving them: “the leader’s intent, the mission intent, the why we are doing it, the strategy and how the work fits in.” This way they get that really clear vision of why they are doing this, what it means and what good looks like.
Step #3 – Give them the parameters for delivery
Be transparent on exactly what resources you are making available to the team. Be clear on letting them know where you can help them. So not only do you give them the vision, you also give them a solid understanding of how and when you are available to support them.
Tell them clearly, “I can help you with X, Y and Z… You can use me in this space… Or these are the teams that can help you and these are the resources available.” Ensure your teams understand that you remain fully committed to helping them achieve the firms goals.
Step #4 – Playback
Give the team an objective to consider what you’ve told them in steps #2,3 above and an opportunity to come back to you with a coherent plan. And when doing so, have the team playback the vision, the mission and what they’ve understood.
Let them tell you: “We are going to go here, this is the reason we are doing it, this is the ‘why’ of why we are doing it and this is the ‘how’.”
In doing this playback, the team gives you their plan. And the reason you want their plan is, because they are closer to delivery, they understand the reality that they are operating in, day in and day out, they know what the terrain looks like and they know how to manage it well.
And the important thing is this: because it is their plan, the engagement to deliver remains high.
Step #5 – Stay engaged
Trust and check, stay in the game, remember you are still accountable.
This is the most important piece. Step #5 is about trusting your team to do the job, regularly checking in and helping them when impediments or problems arise.
By checking in, you make sure you remain part of the team, and you stay responsible: it is still, ultimately, your team and you are accountable for their success.
Finally, the very worst thing that managers can do is to give their teams “mission impossible” tasks and then blame them when things go wrong, absolving themselves of all responsibility. That is not what decentralised command and decision-making is about.
Instead, it is about enabling your teams to deliver well and bringing the best of their abilities to the fore. Your role, in that “trust and check” piece is to demonstrate servant leadership and to eliminate the frictions around delivery. So, when the teams come back with problems and challenges, helping them to overcome these is your goal as a leader or as a manager, sometimes this is through a coaching or mentoring approach to help them think through how they can resolve the challenge, at others this is your hands-on opportunity to remove impediments that are outside the teams ability to solve.
A note about problems. Sometimes teams struggle or stall. It’s critical that you as a leader stay in the learning space when discovering how your team is handling this new way of working. Leaders sometimes fall into the trap of expecting their teams to magically outperform all expectations when applying decentralisation. However, not all teams get it quickly, they need time to really embrace the opportunity that decentralised decision making gives them as well as overcoming the fear that they may get it wrong. As a leader your job is to train, mentor and coach your teams through their journey.
At Fractal, we have found that this significantly reduces manager overhead. For example, when we were working with a large investment manager whose team was quadrupling, the senior leader actually found that his management overhead dramatically diminished: purely because he was decentralising command and decision-making and empowering his teams to deliver, trusting his teams to do the job and remaining engaged to help them deliver when there were problems and challenges.
What approaches have you found that work for you?