March 19, 2020

Alternative Scrum Framework Poster

(last edit: Mar 31, 2020)

 

We have redesigned our Scrum Framework poster and have made some changes. 

 

Alternative Scrum Framework Poster

 

Here is an explanation of the elements we have presented differently compared to the Scrum.org poster [1] and the reasons why. If you are looking for a complete description of the Scrum Framework, please refer to the Scrum Guide [2].

 

Scrum Events 

The Sprint 

“The heart of Scrum is a Sprint, a time-box of one month or less” [2]. To emphasize that in Scrum everything happens within a Sprint, we visualized the Sprint as a gray dotted line surrounding the other Scrum elements. We “stacked” the dotted lines to indicate that in Scrum, a “new Sprint starts immediately after the conclusion of the previous Sprint” [2]. 

 

Sprint Planning, Daily Scrum, Sprint Review & Sprint Retrospective 

All Scrum events, except for the Sprint, are formal opportunities for inspection and adaptation. Formal means, that while these events “are specifically designed to enable critical transparency and inspection” [2], inspection and adaptation may also occur outside these events, e.g. “at the point of work” [2]. Our poster shows these events as green inspect-and-adapt loops. The Daily Scrum is shown as “stacked” inspect-and-adapt loops as it happens every day of the Sprint. 

 

Scrum Artifacts 

The “artifacts defined by Scrum are specifically designed to maximize transparency of key information so that everybody has the same understanding of the artifact.” [2] We chose yellow as our color for transparency to show the three Scrum artifacts. 

The Increment is represented by little gift boxes, as a metaphor for the value assumed to be delivered by the Increment or its release. These gift boxes are “stacked” to make clear that

  1. “The Increment is the sum of all the Product Backlog items completed during a Sprint and the value of the increments of all previous Sprints” [2] and 
  2. An Increment can be released multiple times per Sprint. 

We chose to label it “done Increment” to emphasize that “done” is an essential feature of the Increment artifact, and we put it before the Sprint Review to make clear that it “is required at the Sprint Review.” [2]. 

 

Other Scrum elements 

Sprint Goal 

Just to the left of the Sprint Backlog, our poster shows the Sprint Goal. A Sprint Goal is a mandatory element of a Sprint and will be met by implementing selected Product Backlog items and delivering a “done” Increment. The Sprint Goal also provides guidance to the Development Team on why it is building the Increment. 

 

Empiricism, Values & Trust 

Empiricism, values and trust are the foundation of Scrum. Without them, Scrum wouldn’t be Scrum, and we wouldn’t see the benefits Scrum was created for:

  1. “Empiricism asserts that knowledge comes from experience and making decisions based on what is known” [2]. In Scrum we gain more knowledge by working in short empirical loops called Sprints. During these Sprints we gain transparency (by creating the Scrum artifacts, colored yellow), inspect and adapt (inside or outside the Scrum events, colored green) towards a goal and learn by delivering (and releasing) a “done” Increment. 

  1. When the Scrum Team and their stakeholders live the values of courage, respect, commitment, focus and openness, only then real transparency is created. Only then inspection is possible, and only then adaptation creates meaningful improvements. That’s why the values of Scrums are the foundation of empiricism.  

  1. Trust is earned by being empirical, living the values of Scrum and delivering “done” Increments in every Sprint. Trust also promotes being empirical and living the Scrum values.  

 

Download this free Scrum Framework poster here. 

 

If you like this poster, please share it with others and follow us on LinkedIn.
If you'd like to help us improve this poster further, please join this discussion on LinkedIn.

 

[1]: Scrum Framework Poster (accessed: 18-Mar-2020)
[2]: The Scrum Guide, Nov-2017 (accessed: 18-Mar-2020).